QU016

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Khipu Notes Exist - See Below

Original Author: Kylie Quave
Museum: Dallas Museum of Art
Museum Number: B383 and B383A/T41299.35.A-B
Provenance: Inka, Late Horizon
Region: Unknown
Total Number of Cords: 90
Number of Ascher Cord Colors: 14
Benford Match: 0.748
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Khipu Notes

Wise Khipu B383/ T41299.35.A-B

T41299.35.A-B/B383 and B383A
Khipu with two fragmentary main cords and top and subsidiary cords
Inka, Late Horizon, ca. AD 1430-1534
Cotton, indigo dye
Khipu follows a decimal and register system throughout.
Overall: 38 3/5 x 21 ¾ in. (98 x 55 cm); B383: 38 3/5 x 4 in. (98 x 10cm); B383A: 11 ½ x 17 ¾ in. (29 x 45 cm)
B383 has 1 scrap package
    A = 4 fragments
B383A has 4 scrap packages
    A = 8 fragments
    B = 1 fragment
    C = 1 fragment
    D = 8 fragments
All strings Z-spun/S-plied.
Subsidiary attachments determined based on sub lying to right of the P.


Main cord A measures 10cm with broken ends, has 2 top cords looped around groups of pendants, 4 loose strings, and is S-plied dark tan.
Main cord B is S-plied dark tan from 1-11.25cm, then striped dark brown/dark tan from 11.25-43.5cm.
Measures 43.5cm with Main Cord A - dark tan - knotted onto front end at 3.75cm.
Left side is severed and right side is broken 3cm from the end of its knot with Main A to severed left end.
Main A loops around the Main B and through itself to attach to front end of Main B (our left).
Both ends of Main A are severed and 1cm comes out of knotted area of the 2 main cords.

Main Cord A

This is probably only a small fragment of a much larger object.
Some of the blue in this khipu is very dark, others are a faded green.
Subsidiary 20D is a striped string plied with a monochrome string, sort of making a half-stripe. Should we call them that? Also in B375 String 103.
First top cord is broken. What was the original knotting?
Group 3 top cord has too many broken pendants under it to discern whether it could have been a sum cord or not.
roup 3's top cord might have knot value of 80, which is close to Group 4's Pendant knot value of 79; is there a relationship?
TGroup 5 top cord totals 129 and so does the sum of its Pendants. Group 4 totals 79 and has one cord missing, which could have had a value of 50 (like one of its other pendants). Then, Group 4 and 5 would be accounting the same value of X (perhaps people or items), but distributing it in different ways and butterflying it out in Group 5 into subsidiary values.
Ghe subsidiaries in Group 5 (2 are missing) all have single digit values of 1, 3, and 6 (except for the EE with unknown value). Maybe these knot combos are signifiers of some idea, like a specific labor.
Some long knots Z direction, others S. Does not seem to be any pattern, so must be an information coder. Also one single knot in S direction, others Z.

Loose Cords belonging to A

Cord_Name Attachment Termination Color Length Knots Knot Value Notes
I T BB 29 4S(2.0,Z) 40 Seems like some string missing from top- knots are too high, but string is right length if knots positioned in same reg. as others. Could be Pendant 4, 9, or 11 or Group 3 top cord.
II T B BB 36 1S(6.0,Z);2L(14.0,S) 12 String is right length and knots positioned in same reg. as other pendants.Could be Pendant 4, 9, or 11 or Group 3 top cord (same type of string as the top).
III B KB:AB 15 9L(10.0,S) 9 Small fragment. P12?
IV B KB-AB 19.5 1S(14.5,Z) 10 The only str pendant and only one with subsidiaries before the last group. When aligned w/ Ps, its knot is out of line.Only a fragment of the string and almost all dk br gone.
IVA R AB 16 2L(6.75,S) 2 at subsidiary position 13.0cm
IVB R B BB 11 6L(6.5,S) 6 at subsidiary position 13.5cm

Main Cord B

1st main cord of B383A is dark tan like B383 main cord A.
The extra main cord on the front end of the larger portion could be a fragment of what was once connected to B383. They came to museum in same package and were separated. I think they are from one object.
There are bends at the bottoms of some cords that perhaps indicate there used to be more knots. Would not be recent because no visible staining there. Too fragmented to make much analysis.
All attached pendants are monochrome tan cords -- labeled as light or dark but could all be same and just have a lot of staining.
Group 1 has a top cord looped through its pendants.
Group 5 pendants are situated where they want to "stand" above the cord rather than hang -- they are top cords?
String A1-1 has EE knot. Wise khipu B383 also has EE (and EEE) knots and looped top cords.
Khipu B383A and B383 both use two decimal knot positions, at similar places (approx. 7 and 14cm).
Only 2 decimals on all attached cords -- therefore is Loose Cord #7 in wrong package?
Loose string VI has a Z direction L knot -- doesn't belong or could be A1-2 or A1-3.

Loose Cords belonging to B

Cord_Index Ascher_Color Length Knot String Knot Value Termination Notes
I KB:YB 16 1S(8.0,Z);1E(15.0,Z) 11 B
II KB-BB 20 8L(8.0,S) 8 B
III KB-BB 4 1S(0.0,Z) 10? B
IV KB:YB 1.5 10S(1.0,Z) 10? B
V YB 10.5 6L(0.0,S) 6? B Broken before L - very thin
VI BB 30 1S(7.5,Z);6L(13.0,Z) 16 B Could be grp. A1, Pend. 2/3 and is the only Z-dir. L knot
VII YB 22 1S(0.0,Z);3S(9.5,Z);9L(16.0,S) 39 B Doesn't belong here?
VIII BB 17 9L(1.0,S) 9? B Broken right before subsidiary attachments
VIIIA BB 3 ? B
VIIIB YB 14 2L(3.0,S) 2 After end knot, a tuft of lt tn (YB) out bottom @3cm KB-BB