**UR1034/KH0042**

Tall View |
Original Name: AS034 Original Author: Marcia & Robert Ascher Museum: National Museum, Smithsonian, Washington, D.C. Museum Number: 365240 Provenance: Unknown Region: Pachacamac |
Total Number of Cords: 179 Number of Ascher Cord Colors: 10 Benford Match: 0.801 Similar Khipu: Previous Next Datafile: UR1034 |

Use ⌘ + or ⌘ – to Zoom In or Out

Khipu Notes

**Ascher Databook Notes:**

- The subsidiary cord was not attached to the pendant. Since the pendant's coloration showed that it was missing a subsidiary, the association is probable.
- The pendant attachment seemed to be a later repair.
- Two detached cords were associated with the khipu. They were both colored FB-W. One had value 2 and the other value 1. The knot placement indicates that, if anything, they were subsidiaries, not pendant cords.
- The khipu was received by the Museum in rolled and tied condition. The provenance is Pachacamac. It was given to the Smithsonian in 1933 by Mrs. J. P. Compton.
- Because larger spaces separate them on the main cord, the khipu is considered in 3 parts: groups 1-7; groups 8-17; and group 18.

**Part I:**The first 6 groups have 5 pendants each and the 7th group has 4 pendants.

- Pendants in groups 1-3 are all colored YB; pendants in groups 4-6 are all colored BG; and all group 7 pendants are LB.
- The pendant values in groups 1-6 are limited to 0-7. In each group the third pendant has the maximum value.

Since there are 30 positions with only 8 different values, repetition is expected but most of the repetition is in adjacent positions:\[P_{i1}=P_{i2}\;\;for\;i\;=\;(3,4)\]\[P_{i2}=P_{i3}\;\;for\;i\;=\;(3,5,6)\]\[P_{i4}=P_{i5}\;\;for\;i\;=\;(2,3,4,5,6)\] - There are 5 subsidiaries on each pendant in group 4.

With one positional exchange, the colors of the subsidiaries are consistent with their position (sl is YB or YB/LB; s2 is YB-W or YB-W/YB; s3 is YB:W; s4 is YB-W or LB-W; and s5 is YB:W or LB: W).

On each pendant, 4 of the 5 subsidiary values are 0 (or blank) and the other is a multiple of 10.

**Part II:**The first 3 groups (groups 8-10) have 5 pendants each; the next 3 groups (groups 11-13) have 10, 14, 10 pendants respectively; and the last 4 groups (groups 14-17) have 5 pendants each.

- All pendants in group 8 are color YB and all pendants in groups 9 and 10 are color LB: YB. All pendants in these 3 groups have 1, 2, or 3 subsidiaries.

With 1 exception, where there is 1 subsidiary, it is YB; where there are 2, they are YB and W; and where there are 3, 2 of them are YB and W. - For groups 8 and 9, all pendant values are multiples of 3 with most of them being 30. Specifically, \[P_{8i}=P_{9i}=30\;\;for\;i\;=\;(1,2,3,5)\]
- In groups 11-13, the colors within each group alternate. The pendants in group 11 are W, YB, W, YB, ..., etc. Each W pendant has an LB subsidiary.

Assuming that group 12 is 15 pendants with the 13th non-existent, the repeated color pattern is LB, W, YB with each YB pendant having 2 subsidiaries.

The first is YB and the second is FB: YB. Finally, the pendants in group 13 have the same color pattern as those in group 11. - In groups 11 and 13, some of the values as well as colors alternate. Namely,
\[P_{i}=P_{i+1},\;P_{i+2}=P_{i+3}\;\;for\;i=(1,\;4)\;in\;group\;11\;and\;i=1\;in\;group\;13 \]
- In group 12, the first 3 LB colored pendants have consecutive values and, similarly, the first 3 W colored pendants have consecutive values:
\[P_{i}+1=P_{i+3},\;P_{i+3}+1=P_{i+6}\;\;for\;i=(1,\;2) \]
- Groups 14-17 each have 5 pendant cords. Each pendant in group 14 is W with an LB subsidiary; pendants in groups 15 and 16 are all W; and those in group 17 are all LB.
- The values of the pendants in groups 14-17 are of greater magnitude than those on the rest of the khipu.

With the exception of 1 subsidiary in group 4 of value 50, and 2 pendants in group 7 with values 50 and 7 0, the 148 values in groups 1-13 are limited to 0-30.

Of the 25 values in groups 14-17, 13 are above 30. Five are 40-50 and 8 are 100-250.

**Part III:**There is 1 group of 5 pendants all colored LB and all of value O (or blank).