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Khipu Notes Exist - See Below

Original Name: AS098
Original Author: Marcia & Robert Ascher
Museum: Museum für Völkerkunde, Berlin
Museum Number: VA16136
Provenance: Unknown
Region: Between Ica and Pisco
Total Number of Cords: 101
Number of Ascher Cord Colors: 7
Benford Match: 0.474
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Datafile: UR1098

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Khipu Notes

Ascher Databook Notes:
  1. Construction note: The main cord begins with a woven cord ball. The ball is DB, 1.0 cm. thick, and 1.5 cm. long.
  2. UR1098, UR1108, UR1113, UR1114, AS159, AS160, AS173, and AS174 were acquired by the Museum in 1904 with provenance between Ica and Pisco. For a discussion of them, see #5 below.
  3. By spacing, the khipu is separated into 15 groups. The 15 groups form 5 sets of 3 groups each. The first group in each set has 6 pendants and the other 2 groups have 5 pendants each. The first group in each set has one color pattern and the other 2 have another color pattern. Thus, the 15 groups can be represented by 3 XYY followed by 2 'X'Y'Y'. Each X or X' group has 6 pendants; each Y or Y' group has 5 pendants. An X group has the color pattern DB, SW and a Y group is W (with subsidiaries of DB and W), GG, W, LB:W, W. With 1 exception, wherever DB or W cords occur in X and Y groups, LB occurs in X' and Y' groups. The X and X' groups have no subsidiaries. The Y groups have subsidiaries in the first position only, while in Y' groups, there are also subsidiaries in the second position.
  4. In all X or X' groups, positions 2-6 are zero-valued (or blank). The value in position 1 is probably the sum of the values on the pendants and subsidiaries in the corresponding position in the 2 following groups. (Two sums are exact, 1 has a discrepancy of 3, and 2 cords are broken but what remains of them does not contradict the idea.) In all pairs of Y or Y' groups, any position that is zero-valued is zero-valued in both of them.
  5. Discussion of UR1098, UR1108, UR1113, UR1114, AS159, AS160, AS173, AS174:
    1. AS159 and AS160 are loosely tied together. Also, AS173 and AS174 are loosely tied together.
    2. UR1114, AS159, AS160, AS173, AS174 have some similarities to each other.
      1. UR1114 and AS160 share a distinctive color (CB) and UR1114 and AS174 share a distinctive color (G0).
      2. UR1114, AS159, AS173, and AS174 have multiple unit values and knots of type EE appear on both AS159 and AS174.
      3. Most remarkably, some of the values on AS159, AS173, and AS174 are related.
    3. Seven consecutive pendants on AS159 and AS173 have the same values.

      P1 = 1, P1s1 = 18&2 both color W
      P2-P7 are 16&1, 16, 16, 18, 12, 16


      P2 =1 , P2s1 = 18&2 both color W
      P3-P8 are 16&1, 16, 16, 18, 12, 16

      These values, or their sums, also appear on AS174. P3-P8 on AS173 are the second group of pendants. The group sums to 94&1 with the first 3 summing to 48&1 and the next 3 to 46. On AS174 the sum of the second pendant in each of the 6 pairs also is 94&1. Subsums of them are also 48&1 and 46.


      \[ \sum\limits_{i=1}^2 P_{i2} = 48\&1 \]
      \[ \sum\limits_{i=3}^6 P_{i2} = 46 \]
      \[ \sum\limits_{i=1}^6 P_{i2} = 94\&1\;\;\;P_{1}=94\&1 \]

      Pi2 is the 2'nd pendant in the ith pair.
      \[ \sum\limits_{i=1}^3 P_{2i} = 48\&1 \]
      \[ \sum\limits_{i=4}^6 P_{2i} = 46 \]
      \[ \sum\limits_{i=1}^6 P_{2i} = 94\&1\;\;\;P_{1}=94\&1 \]
      P2i is the ith pendant in the 2'nd group.

      The value 18&2 also appears on AS174 and is the sum of the subsidiaries of the first pendant in the 1th pair. P1s1s1=18&2&1 and is color W;
      \[ \sum\limits_{i=1}^6 P_{i1}s1s1 = 18\&2 \]

Primary Cord Notes:The main cord begins with a woven cord ball. The ball is DB, 1.0 cm thick, and 1.5 cm long.